COP23 is the informal name for the 23rd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, which marked the beginning of the international community’s first concerted effort to confront the problem of climate change. Known also as the Rio Convention, the UNFCCC established a framework for action to stabilise concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere. The UNFCCC entered into force in 1994, and nearly all of the world’s nations—a total of 195—have now signed on.
Each year the parties to the agreement convene to assess progress in implementing the convention and, more broadly, dealing with climate change. The first Conference of the Parties was held in Berlin in 1995. In 1997, the participants established the Kyoto Protocol, which included legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
This year, between 6-17 November 2017, thousands of government delegates and leaders from all sectors of society gathered in Bonn (Germany) for the 2017 UN Climate Change Conference. Under the Presidency of Fiji, UN Climate Change with the support of Germany hosted this annual meeting with one clear objective: making progress for a successful, inclusive and ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement. This includes negotiations on the implementation guidelines for transparent climate action under the Paris Agreement, as well as showcasing cooperative climate action, including on vulnerability and resilience, from around the globe. This webinar explained the milestones and key challenges that lie ahead of COP23.
Why is it so important?
Climate change is already greatly increasing the likelihood of extreme weather events, from heat waves to cyclone events and floods. But without abrupt cuts in global carbon emissions, we could expect “more serious, widespread and irreversible impacts” for billions of people and for our natural environment. The historic Paris agreement at COP21 in 2015 has resulted in the first truly global agreement to tackle climate change, but national measures need to be significantly strengthened to meet the goal of maintaining the world’s warming climate. below 2C and, if possible, 1.5C.
An alarming situation, again on the rise, according to climatologists
Global emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels rose again in 2017 after three years of stability, according to a study published Monday, November 13, 2017 on the side lines of the 23rd UN climate conference (COP23). CO2 emissions from industry and fossil fuel combustion are expected to grow by around 2% this year compared to 2016 (between 0.8% and 2.9%), reaching a record 36, 8 billion tonnes, after years 2014 to 2016 almost stable, underlines the Global Carbon Project in its 12th annual review, conducted by scientists around the world.
“The world has not reached its” peak “emissions,” note the authors of the study, published in the journals Nature Climate Change, Environmental Research Letters and Earth System Science Data. “This shows that we need to act more strongly, we must forget all self-satisfaction.”
Source : GCP, UN-COP 23, Corinne Le Quéré